In the software industry, program management is an aspect of software product management. Program management or programme management is the process of managing several related projects, often with the intention of improving an organization’s performance.
By definition, Project management is the application of knowledge, skills, tools and techniques to project activities, to meet project requirements. The job focus of the project manager is both narrower and deeper than that of the program manager. Project managers are responsible for the project, the project team, and the outcomes the team is working on. The role of the project manager is more tactical than the program manager: they mainly focus on the operational elements of the project such as meeting deadlines, staying within budget, and completing deliverables. In general, the project manager’s role is complete once the project is complete, although it is helpful to go back through the processes to review what worked and what didn’t.
- A sequence of tasks
- Defined outcomes, and deliverables
- Defined beginning, end, schedule, and approach
- Planned budgets
- Resources specifically allocated to the work
- Organized approach
Program management or programme management is the process of managing several related projects, often with the intention of improving an organization’s performance. In practice and in its aims it is often closely related to systems engineering and industrial engineering. The program manager has oversight of the purpose and status of the projects in a program and can use this oversight to support project-level activity to ensure the program goals are met by providing a decision-making capacity that cannot be achieved at project level or by providing the project manager with a program perspective when required, or as a sounding board for ideas and approaches to solving project issues that have program impacts.
- A single product or deliverable
- Many product deliverables
- Usually focuses on business objectives and delivering value
- Benefit management
- more strategic tasks
- Deal with business strategies and objectives